"You have had the good fortune of starting in life as a graduate，" explained Tzu-tsing as he smiled， "and yet are not aware of the saying uttered by some one of old： that a centipede even when dead does not lie stiff. （These families） may， according to your version， not be up to the prosperity of former years， but， compared with the family of an ordinary official， their condition anyhow presents a difference. Of late the number of the inmates has， day by day， been on the increase； their affairs have become daily more numerous； of masters and servants， high and low， who live in ease and respectability very many there are； but of those who exercise any forethought， or make any provision， there is not even one. In their daily wants， their extravagances， and their expenditure， they are also unable to adapt themselves to circumstances and practise economy； （so that though） the present external framework may not have suffered any considerable collapse， their purses have anyhow begun to feel an exhausting process！ But this is a mere trifle. There is another more serious matter. Would any one ever believe that in such families of official status， in a clan of education and culture， the sons and grandsons of the present age would after all be each （succeeding） generation below the standard of the former？"
Yue-ts'un， having listened to these remarks， observed： "How ever can it be possible that families of such education and refinement can observe any system of training and nurture which is not excellent？ Concerning the other branches， I am not in a position to say anything； but restricting myself to the two mansions of Jung and Ning， they are those in which， above all others， the education of their children is methodical."
"I was just now alluding to none other than these two establishments，" Tzu-hsing observed with a sigh； "but let me tell you all. In days of yore， the duke of Ning Kuo and the duke of Jung Kuo were two uterine brothers. The Ning duke was the elder； he had four sons. After the death of the duke of Ning Kuo， his eldest son， Chia Tai-hua， came into the title. He also had two sons； but the eldest， whose name was Hu， died at the age of eight or nine； and the only survivor， the second son， Chia Ching， inherited the title. His whole mind is at this time set upon Taoist doctrines； his sole delight is to burn the pill and refine the dual powers； while every other thought finds no place in his mind. Happily， he had， at an early age， left a son， Chia Chen， behind in the lay world， and his father， engrossed as his whole heart was with the idea of attaining spiritual life， ceded the succession of the official title to him. His parent is， besides， not willing to return to the original family seat， but lives outside the walls of the capital， foolishly hobnobbing with all the Taoist priests. This Mr. Chen had also a son， Chia Jung， who is， at this period， just in his sixteenth year. Mr. Ching gives at present no attention to anything at all， so that Mr. Chen naturally devotes no time to his studies， but being bent upon nought else but incessant high pleasure， he has subversed the order of things in the Ning Kuo mansion， and yet no one can summon the courage to come and hold him in check. But I'll now tell you about the Jung mansion for your edification. The strange occurrence， to which I alluded just now， came about in this manner. After the demise of the Jung duke， the eldest son， Chia Tai-shan， inherited the rank. He took to himself as wife， the daughter of Marquis Shih， a noble family of Chin Ling， by whom he had two sons； the elder being Chia She， the younger Chia Cheng. This Tai Shan is now dead long ago； but his wife is still alive， and the elder son， Chia She， succeeded to the deGREe. He is a man of amiable and genial disposition， but he likewise gives no thought to the direction of any domestic concern. The second son Chia Cheng displayed， from his early childhood， a great liking for books， and grew up to be correct and upright in character. His grandfather doated upon him， and would have had him start in life through the arena of public examinations， but， when least expected， Tai-shan， being on the point of death， bequeathed a petition， which was laid before the Emperor. His Majesty， out of regard for his former minister， issued immediate commands that the elder son should inherit the estate， and further inquired how many sons there were besides him， all of whom he at once expressed a wish to be introduced in his imperial presence. His Majesty， moreover， displayed exceptional favour， and conferred upon Mr. Cheng the brevet rank of second class Assistant Secretary （of a Board）， and commanded him to enter the Board to acquire the necessary experience. He has already now been promoted to the office of second class Secretary. This Mr. Cheng's wife， nee Wang， first gave birth to a son called Chia Chu， who became a Licentiate in his fourteenth year. At barely twenty， he married， but fell ill and died soon after the birth of a son. Her （Mrs. Cheng's） second child was a daughter， who came into the world， by a strange coincidence， on the first day of the year. She had an unexpected （pleasure） in the birth， the succeeding year， of another son， who， still more remarkable to say， had， at the time of his birth， a piece of variegated and crystal-like brilliant jade in his mouth， on which were yet visible the outlines of several characters. Now， tell me， was not this a novel and strange occurrence？ eh？"
"Strange indeed！" exclaimed Yue-ts'un with a smile； "but I presume the coming experiences of this being will not be mean." bedroom toys for couples
Tzu-hsing gave a faint smile. "One and all，" he remarked， "entertain the same idea. Hence it is that his mother doats upon him like upon a precious jewel. On the day of his first birthday， Mr. Cheng readily entertained a wish to put the bent of his inclinations to the test， and placed before the child all kinds of things， without number， for him to grasp from. Contrary to every expectation， he scorned every other object， and， stretching forth his hand， he simply took hold of rouge， powder and a few hair-pins， with which he began to play. Mr. Cheng experienced at once displeasure， as he maintained that this youth would， by and bye， grow up into a sybarite， devoted to wine and women， and for this reason it is， that he soon began to feel not much attachment for him. But his grandmother is the one who， in spite of everything， prizes him like the breath of her own life. The very mention of what happened is even strange！ He is now grown up to be seven or eight years old， and， although exceptionally wilful， in intelligence and precocity， however， not one in a hundred could come up to him！ And as for the utterances of this child， they are no less remarkable. The bones and flesh of woman， he argues， are made of water， while those of man of mud. 'Women to my eyes are pure and pleasing，' he says， 'while at the sight of man， I readily feel how corrupt， foul and repelling they are！' Now tell me， are not these words ridiculous？ There can be no doubt whatever that he will by and bye turn out to be a licentious roue."
Yue-ts'un， whose countenance suddenly assumed a stern air， promptly interrupted the conversation. "It doesn't quite follow，" he suggested. "You people don't， I reGREt to say， understand the destiny of this child. The fact is that even the old Hanlin scholar Mr. Cheng was erroneously looked upon as a loose rake and dissolute debauchee！ But unless a person， through much study of books and knowledge of letters， so increases （in lore） as to attain the talent of discerning the nature of things， and the vigour of mind to fathom the Taoist reason as well as to comprehend the first principle， he is not in a position to form any judgment."
Tzu-hsing upon perceiving the weighty import of what he propounded， "Please explain，" he asked hastily， "the drift （of your argument）。" To which Yue-ts'un responded： "Of the human beings created by the operation of heaven and earth， if we exclude those who are gifted with extreme benevolence and extreme viciousness， the rest， for the most part， present no striking diversity. If they be extremely benevolent， they fall in， at the time of their birth， with an era of propitious fortune； while those extremely vicious correspond， at the time of their existence， with an era of calamity. When those who coexist with propitious fortune come into life， the world is in order； when those who coexist with unpropitious fortune come into life， the world is in danger. Yao， Shun， Yue， Ch'eng T'ang， Wen Wang， Wu Wang， Chou Kung， Chao Kung， Confucius， Mencius， T'ung Hu， Han Hsin， Chou Tzu， Ch'eng Tzu， Chu Tzu and Chang Tzu were ordained to see light in an auspicious era. Whereas Ch'i Yu， Kung Kung， Chieh Wang， Chou Wang， Shih Huang， Wang Mang， Tsao Ts'ao， Wen Wen， An Hu-shan， Ch'in Kuei and others were one and all destined to come into the world during a calamitous age. Those endowed with extreme benevolence set the world in order； those possessed of extreme maliciousness turn the world into disorder. Purity， intelligence， spirituality and subtlety constitute the vital spirit of right which pervades heaven and earth， and the persons gifted with benevolence are its natural fruit. Malignity and perversity constitute the spirit of evil， which permeates heaven and earth， and malicious persons are affected by its influence. The days of perpetual happiness and eminent good fortune， and the era of perfect peace and tranquility， which now prevail， are the offspring of the pure， intelligent， divine and subtle spirit which ascends above， to the very Emperor， and below reaches the rustic and uncultured classes. Every one is without exception under its influence. The superfluity of the subtle spirit expands far and wide， and finding nowhere to betake itself to， becomes， in due course， transformed into dew， or gentle breeze； and， by a process of diffusion， it pervades the whole world.
"the spirit of malignity and perversity， unable to expand under the brilliant sky and transmuting sun， eventually coagulates， pervades and stops up the deep gutters and extensive caverns； and when of a sudden the wind agitates it or it be impelled by the clouds， and any slight disposition， on its part， supervenes to set itself in motion， or to break its bounds， and so little as even the minutest fraction does unexpectedly find an outlet， and happens to come across any spirit of perception and subtlety which may be at the time passing by， the spirit of right does not yield to the spirit of evil， and the spirit of evil is again envious of the spirit of right， so that the two do not harmonize. Just like wind， water， thunder and lightning， which， when they meet in the bowels of the earth， must necessarily， as they are both to dissolve and are likewise unable to yield， clash and explode to the end that they may at length exhaust themselves. Hence it is that these spirits have also forcibly to diffuse themselves into the human race to find an outlet， so that they may then completely disperse， with the result that men and women are suddenly imbued with these spirits and spring into existence. At best， （these human beings） cannot be generated into philanthropists or perfect men； at worst， they cannot also embody extreme perversity or extreme wickedness. Yet placed among one million beings， the spirit of intelligence， refinement， perception and subtlety will be above these one million beings； while， on the other hand， the perverse， depraved and inhuman embodiment will likewise be below the million of men. Born in a noble and wealthy family， these men will be a salacious， lustful lot； born of literary， virtuous or poor parentage， they will turn out retired scholars or men of mark； though they may by some accident be born in a destitute and poverty-stricken home， they cannot possibly， in fact， ever sink so low as to become runners or menials， or contentedly brook to be of the common herd or to be driven and curbed like a horse in harness. They will become， for a certainty， either actors of note or courtesans of notoriety； as instanced in former years by Hsue Yu， T'ao Ch'ien， Yuan Chi， Chi Kang， Liu Ling， the two families of Wang and Hsieh， Ku Hu-t'ou， Ch'en Hou-chu， T'ang Ming-huang， Sung Hui-tsung， Liu T'ing-chih， Wen Fei-ching， Mei Nan-kung， Shih Man-ch'ing， Lui C'hih-ch'ing and Chin Shao-yu， and exemplified now-a-days by Ni Yuen-lin， T'ang Po-hu， Chu Chih-shan， and also by Li Kuei-men， Huang P'an-cho， Ching Hsin-mo， Cho Wen-chuen； and the women Hung Fu， Hsieh T'ao， Ch'ue Ying， Ch'ao Yuen and others； all of whom were and are of the same stamp， though placed in different scenes of action."